How to finish drywall around fireplace


Do I need special drywall around a fireplace?

We talked to the experts, and this is what we discovered. It would be best if you did not use regular drywall around a fireplace as it is considered to be highly flammable. Instead, it would be best to surround the fireplace area with non-combustible materials such as stone, tile, marble, or metal.

How do you fill a gap between a wall and a fireplace?

What material do you use around a fireplace?

Steel, concrete and stone are the most modern options, tile is a more traditional option, and brick can be either modern or traditional (depending on the design) for a fireplace surround.

How far does drywall have to be from fireplace?

The National Fire Code requires all combustible material to be at least 6 inches from the opening of the firebox. For every 1/8 inch of protruding combustible material, you must account for an additional inch of clearance.

How do you make drywall fire resistant?

Fireproof drywall is the common term; its industry name is Type X drywall. The thickness of this drywall is 5/8-inch, including all layers. Glass fibers are added to the board to help it slow down the fire. Also, because it is denser than normal gypsum and paper drywall, it takes longer for the fire to degrade it.

Is drywall compound fire resistant?

Sheetrock® Brand Firecode® Compound is auto-bonding and will bond to cured compound, making repairs easy and can be sanded and painted when dry. It dries to a red color that is easily identified by fire marshals. … Documents & Files.

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Can you use caulking around a fireplace?

Caulking a Crack in a Fireplace Wall Fireplace caulking is a little different than caulking around a bathtub, for example. The goal of caulking a fireplace crack is not only to cover the crack but also to force the mortar compound into the crack.

How do you put trim around a fireplace?

How do you fill the gap between drywall and brick?

Use a spray expanding foam filler in the larger gaps then shape the foam so it is slightly recessed. Then use a paintable flexible caulk. Paint it if you want. The foam will provide a better backing for the caulk.

What is non combustible material for fireplace?

Some examples of non-combustible fireplace materials include sheet metal, cement board, tile, stainless steel and cast iron. These are often very expensive when compared to materials like brick or concrete block, but offer superior safety ratings in the case of an accidental fire.

What is the fireplace surround called?


Nowadays we tend to refer to the mantel and mantel shelf as simply, the mantelpiece. It originated in medieval times when firepits started to be built into a homes living areas to help keep everyone warm (the mantel served as a hood that would prevent smoke from entering the room, diverting it back into the chimney).

Can you use MDF around a fireplace?

You can use paint-grade wood (such as MDF) or finish wood (cherry, maple, oak).

Can you install drywall around fireplace?

Drywall + Fireplace = House Fire Unfortunately, this is highly flammable and is not an appropriate or safe fireplace surround. The sheetrock had to be removed and replaced with any type of non-combustible surround – stone, tile, marble, or metal.

Is drywall OK behind wood stove?

Drywall is combustible and not a suitable material either for use behind the wood stove or for use underneath tile. Removing it from the wall behind the wood stove allows you to install cement backerboard instead. Cut right through the drywall using a drywall saw.

Do you need backer board for fireplace?

If the surface is in poor repair or you don’t want to apply a skim coat, cover it with backerboard. Backerboard must be used when applying tile to a metal surround because most metal surrounds are not strong enough to support the weight of tile.

Is regular drywall fire rated?

Regular drywall has naturally occurring fire resistance due to the presence of gypsum in the core but is not fire rated. Type X drywall has special core additives that allow it to be used in fire rated designs and usually comes in 5/8” thickness.

Is sheetrock and drywall the same thing?

Drywall is a flat panel made of gypsum plaster sandwiched in between two sheets of thick paper. It adheres to metal or wood studs using nails or screws. Sheetrock is a specific brand of drywall sheet.

Is purple drywall fire rated?

No. While all drywall is naturally fire-resistant, PURPLE drywall is unique because it also resists moisture, mold and mildew. Some PURPLE drywall products also stand up to scratches, scuffs, dents and sound.

Is there fire rated drywall tape?

E-Z Taping Systems patented Flame Fighter tape works for both wood and steel construction. Can be applied in temperatures as low as 30 degrees F and has passed full scale tests for one-hour and two-hour fire ratings.

What is fire taping drywall?

Does drywall mud have a fire rating?

What is the fire rating of joint compound? Joint compound does not have a fire rating by itself, but does meet ASTM C475. When fire testing a wall the fire rating is not for individual products, but for all the system components together. USG Joint Compounds are used in numerous fire-tested assemblies.

Is silicone caulk fire resistant?

Silicone is not considered to be flammable. It can catch fire and burn but requires high temperatures to do so. The ignition temperature of silicone is 842 degrees Fahrenheit (450 Celsius). While it may not be a serious fire hazard, there are some things to be aware of when it comes to silicone.

What do you put around a fireplace insert?

Generally speaking, fiberglass sealant strips are the most common sealant used in a variety of fireplaces in homes and residences. However, some home and property owners may opt to use refractory cement in lieu of fiberglass.

What do you use to seal a fireplace?

If you want to seal your fireplace off for good, the easiest way to do so in a hurry is to cut out a foam insulation plug, place it at the bottom of your chimney, and caulk or weatherstrip it in place.

Can you put molding around a fireplace?

The fireplace is the centerpiece of the living room, and updating it can seem like a daunting task. But you can change up your boring or dated fireplace with trim moulding under the mantel and around the tile for a fresh new look!

Can you put wood trim around fireplace?

They can be set to display realistic flames with no heat or adjusted to add warmth to the room with radiant doors and fans. At either setting, the heat is not intense enough to pose a fire danger, so you can safely install wood trim around a gas-powered fireplace.

How do you put crown molding around a fireplace?

How do you finish drywall next to wood?

How big a gap can caulk fill?

A single bead of caulk can fill gaps up to 1/4 inch. If the gap is slightly larger than this, fill it with a bead of caulk deeper into the gap, but not flush with the surface. Wait until the caulk is completely cured before coming back to put a surface bead on.

What is code for tile around fireplace?

The National Fire Code dictates that any combustible material (e.g., wood mantel or similar trim) must be at least six inches from the firebox opening. An additional inch of clearance is needed for every 1/8 inch the combustible material or trim protrudes.

What is code for gas fireplace surround?

The standard building code is 6 inches of minimum clearance around the opening of the fireplace and it must be surrounded by a noncombustible material. However, if the mantel projects more than 1 1/2 inches from the face of the fireplace, the top noncombustible clearance must be at least 12 inches.

How hot do fireplace surrounds get?

The temperature of a fireplace can vary depending on the type of fuel you use and the size of the fire. But typically, the flames in a fireplace will reach temperatures between 800 and 1000 degrees Fahrenheit.

What is the back wall of a fireplace called?

Back (fireback)—The inside, rear wall of the fireplace of masonry or metal that reflects heat into the room.

How big should fireplace surround be?

The fire surround should sit somewhere between half way and two thirds the height of the room. You want the fire surround to sit comfortably on the chimneybreast, with between 7cms – 15cms space either side of the shelf, but above all, the fireplace wants to look as though it has always been there.

How are fireplace surrounds attached?

Many modern fire surrounds use a hidden fireplace fitting bracket. One bracket is fit to the wall, while a corresponding second bracket is screwed to the fire surround. They then simply slip together without the need for any messy looking screws around the edges.

Is it safe to put shiplap around a fireplace?

Many people may not realize that shiplap is perfectly safe to install in your fireplace surround if you follow the correct safety codes. Every state varies with its code for fire safety and surround materials.

Is there a non combustible shiplap?

#3 – Non-combustible Shiplap Wall Panel System How about a weather-proof, non-combustible shiplap wall? Our Shiplap Wall is a total game changer for outdoor living spaces, high heat fireplaces and any place you want the look of shiplap but need the durability of aluminum + easy installation!

Is MDF board flammable?

Yes, but only at higher temperatures of over 27°Celsius (80°F), typically caused by sparks or smoking materials nearby. The heat from these flames can cause some fire damage beyond just what happens directly to the board itself.

What is considered a non combustible wall?

Examples of non-combustible materials include steel, masonry, ceramics and certain insulating materials (such as fiberglass or mineral wool insulation). Gypsum wallboard is considered by the codes to be non-combustible although it does have a thick paper backing that is combustible.

Can you drywall around wood burning fireplace?

Most wood stove fires are caused because combustible materials are placed too close to a hot stove. Only use drywall that displays a UL (Underwriter’s Laboratory) label, certifying that the drywall is fire-retardant and safe to use behind your wood stove.

How do you finish a wall behind a wood stove?

We recommend using porcelain tiles, which are very heat resistant. Most wood burning stoves have insulation blocks in the back and sides to minimise the heat escaping, and there should also be a minimum of 150mm (6 inches) around the back and the side of the stove for ventilation.

How do I fireproof a wall behind a wood stove?

Faux Panels. A common way to help protect the wall behind a wood stove and create a backdrop for your stove includes using masonry veneer faux panels. Stone or brick is a common material to use behind a wood burning stove. These panels help create more of a focal point for a room.

Can cement board be used around a fireplace?

Using Hardiebacker on Fireplaces It cannot be replaced and should not be covered up with more flammable materials. However, using fiber cement board like Hardieboard is acceptable in locations including the mantel and fireplace surround.

Do you put cement board over drywall?

(Some cement board products may not require the underlying membrane if the seams are properly waterproofed.) In such wet areas, never install cement board directly over drywall or green board. Instead, first, remove the existing surface material, then install the cement board over the studs and membrane, as applicable.

Can you use Hardibacker for the fireplace?

Yes, HardieBacker® 1/4" Cement Board is deemed noncombustible when tested to ASTM E 136 and can be used in conjunction with other noncombustible materials around a fireplace. This does not mean that clearances to combustible building materials can be reduced by using HardieBacker 1/4".

What makes a 2 hour fire rated wall?

Double the number of Type X sheets on the wall for a simple system installed over fire-resistant fiberglass insulation; each sheet of 5/8-inch Type X drywall is rated to resist fire for one hour, so two layers will produce a two-hour firewall.

How many layers of drywall do I need for 1 hour fire rating?

Typically one layer of Type X drywall promises 45 minutes to one hour of fire protection for the building constructed with this type of material.

What color is fire-resistant drywall?


The color of confidence While all gypsum-based drywall is naturally fire-resistant, the PURPLE family of products is unique because it also resists moisture, mold and mildew. In addition, some PURPLE drywall products also stand up to scratches, scuffs, dents and noise.

What is a person who does drywall called?

Drywall installers are also called drywallers or hangers. They cut and hang the panels of wallboard. The tools they use include tape measures, straightedges, utility knives, and power saws. Ceiling tile installers hang ceiling tiles and create suspended ceilings.

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