How to Plant Switchgrass

While there are many ways of planting switchgrass, the most effective will be drilling or no-till drilling into killed sod. Drilling ensures …


How long does it take switchgrass to grow?

Switchgrass will germinate at soil temperatures of 50°F, although seedling growth is best when air temperatures reach 75°F to 85°F. When soil moisture and temperatures are good, average emergence will be 10-21 days after planting.

How far apart should you plant switchgrass?

Plant switchgrass in a group spaced at least 12 inches (31 cm.) apart and they will grow together to make an interesting moving screen. Before planting switchgrass, the site should be well cultivated to accommodate the long taproot, which will eventually grow 10 feet (3 m.) long or more.

What should I spray before planting switchgrass?

Frost Seeded Switchgrass Screenings

  1. Spray up to 4 quarts per acre of Simazine per acre 1-3 weeks prior to Spring green-up. …
  2. Roughly 3-4 weeks after Spring Green-up (roughly late April to mid May in most Northern settings), a moderate percentage of weed growth will still be present.

Is switchgrass hard to grow?

As far fertilization during planting is concerned, switchgrass is a slow grower in its first two years so weed competition will be fierce. We recommend getting a soil test before seeding and applying any necessary phosphorous and potassium either before or at seeding.

Can you plant switchgrass in the woods?

Will deer eat switchgrass?

Despite the misuse of switchgrass plantings, the seed variety is also one of the most widely appropriate plantings for deer that landowners can make.

How do you plant a switchgrass plug?

Switch grass grows well in just about any type of soil, although (as usual!) growth will be best on neutral, moist loam soils. Poorer soils will cause the grass to grow less tall, but switchgrass really shines on moist to wet floodplain soils. Space the plugs 2 feet apart in prepared soil and water thoroughly.

Does switchgrass need fertilizer?

In general, switchgrass grows very well at low pH levels and shows minimal response to fertilizer application. Here are preliminary recommendations until more definitive soil fertility research can be completed: Lime – desired soil pH = 5.8 or higher.

How deep do switchgrass roots grow?

Switchgrass roots may reach depths of 10 feet (3 m) or more [75].

How do you control weeds in switchgrass?

These weeds can be controlled with timely mowing and/or the use of a labeled broadleaf herbicide (see Table 2). If mowing, leave at least 6 inches of stubble. If a broadleaf herbicide is used, wait until switchgrass plants have at least 3-4 leaves (or are 3-4 inches tall) before application to avoid injury.

Can you spray 2,4-D on switchgrass?

Control Weeds in Seeding Year During the establishment year, a cost-effective method to control broadleaf weeds is to apply 2,4-D at 1 to 2 quarts per acre * after grass seedlings have tillered and have about four leaves. Mowing just above the height of the switchgrass plant can also help control weeds.

When should I mow my lawn after switching?

To control weeds during establishment, mow switchgrass to a height of 4 inches in May or 6 inches in June or July. Grazing is generally not recommended the first year, but a vigorous stand can be grazed late in the year if grazing periods are short with at least 30 days of rest provided between grazings.

When can I transplant switchgrass?

Switchgrass can easily be propagated through the division of clumps. It’s best to do this in the spring as they need warm soil to establish. Clump division is recommended every few years, as the center of the clumps can begin to die out, and this will help to boost their vigor.

Is switchgrass an annual or perennial?



genus namePanicum
plant typePerennial
height1 to 3 feet 3 to 8 feet
widthFrom 2 to 3 feet
flower colorPink

How tall does switchgrass get?

2½-5 feet tall

This long-lived perennial grass typically grows 2½-5 feet tall, slowly spreading by short rhizomes in all directions. It is a warm season grass, so does not start growing until late spring. The species is quite variable in amount of growth, height and cold tolerance, sensitivity to moisture stress, and rhizome vigor.

What is the main use of switchgrass?

In addition to potential bioenergy production, switchgrass uses include pasture and hay production, soil and water conservation, carbon sequestration, and wildlife habitat.

How late can you frost seed switchgrass?

January through mid-February is the ideal time to frost-seed switchgrass. The longer the seed is exposed to the elements the better. The freezing and thawing will help achieve good seed-to-soil contact and then when the temperature is right the seed will germinate.

How do you care for switchgrass?

Switch grasses grow best in full sun but will tolerate some light shade. Too much shade and plants will become floppy. Very easy to maintain, all you have to do is cut the clumps back to the ground in late winter, before new growth begins to emerge. Cut back clumps to the ground in late winter to early spring.

What is the best switchgrass for deer?

A pure switchgrass variety like Cave In Rock, can provide the deer bedding structure that is needed to offer a massive boost to your deer bedding creation efforts. But don’t be lured into "diversifying" the planting with other grasses, such as big blue stem, little blue stem or Indian grass.

Maybe you are interested in:

How to Maintain Bermuda Grass

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