How to polish concrete


Can I polish concrete yourself?

The answer to “can I polish concrete floors myself” is yes, but only in a limited set of circumstances. DIY projects should only be attempted on newly poured slabs that are clean and in good condition. A matte finish is also preferable, as fewer sets of diamond polishing tools will be required.

How do you polish concrete at home?

How do you manually polish concrete?

Grind with an 80-grit metal-bonded diamond. Grind with a 150-grit metal-bonded diamond (or finer, if desired). Apply a chemical hardener to densify the concrete. Polish with a 100- or 200-grit resin-bond diamond, or a combination of the two.

Can you polish concrete by hand?

You can polish concrete by using a handheld, electric concrete grinder or angle grinder. However, you cannot effectively polish concrete without using power tools. Concrete is an extremely hard surface. Regular tactics used for sanding wood surfaces won’t work for concrete.

How long does polished concrete last?

Mechanically polished concrete can last up to 10-12 years without any major maintenance if it is appropriately installed and maintained during that time.

Can you polish old concrete?

Almost any structurally sound concrete floor, whether new or old, can be polished.

How can I make my concrete floor shine naturally?

Regular sweeping and weekly cleaning with a mop and mild solution of dish soap and water should help concrete keep its shine. Every few months, use a pressure washer to clean dirt and debris from crevices. Make sure the concrete can handle the high-pressured stream of water before you tackle the entire project.

Can you polish concrete with an angle grinder?

An angle grinder can be used to level, smooth and polish concrete by grinding it down. They can also be used to remove paint and floor adhesives. To grind concrete with a angle grinder you need a diamond cup wheel, a dust shroud attachment, and a vacuum cleaner.

What can I put on a concrete floor to make it shine?

A glossy sealer creates a shiny surface, and an acrylic wax adds an additional protective coat. Polyurethane and epoxy sealers resist abrasion, stains and heavy traffic particularly well, but water-based acrylic sealers are less expensive and easier to apply.

Can you sand or polish concrete?

Concrete polishing is a method of making concrete smooth and with a pleasant finish in a similar way that wood is sanded. Whereas with wood, you use sandpaper, with concrete polishing you use special diamond-segmented abrasives.

What grit do you use to polish concrete?

Polished concrete is the highest category of steps of processed concrete. Any grit abrasive from approximately an 800-grit resin and above, typically to a 1,500 or 3,000 grit, is considered a polishing step. A polished concrete surface has clarity of reflection like a mirror and has a glass-like finish.

Can concrete be polished with sandpaper?

Use the sandpaper with the right grit To remove minor irregularities, use 80-120 grit sandpaper. For perfect finish and smoothness, use superfine sandpaper with grit ranging between 200-400. If there are severe imperfections, then you need to use a floor grinder or special diamond disc.

What tool do you use to polish concrete?

The main tool you’ll need to polish concrete is the appropriately named concrete polisher. The primary function of these mechanized devices is to spin a grinding pad at high speeds. Concrete polishers come in various sizes, depending on the project they’re needed for.

How do you buff and polish a concrete floor?

Can I use an orbital sander to polish concrete?

Polishing Concrete with an orbital sander is not ideal, and there are more effective options available to choose from. It is far from impossible, however, and with some effort and using the correct tools, you can achieve a smooth polished concrete surface.

Is it cheaper to tile or polished concrete?

Because material and labor costs for tile are high, polished concrete is often significantly less expensive than tile in new residential construction and renovation. Depending on slab size and gloss level, a cream polished concrete floor is generally $3.50 to $5 per square foot.

What are the disadvantages of polished concrete floors?


  1. Hard. The strength and durability of this material can also be a drawback as the surface is very hard, so it won’t cushion or “give” under feet, making it uncomfortable to stand on for long periods of time. …
  2. Cold. Another drawback of concrete floors is that they do not tend to retain heat very well. …
  3. Moisture. …
  4. Loud.

Does polished concrete crack?

A polished concrete floor will crack It is often thought that polished concrete floors eventually crack. Precast concrete floors can indeed crack, but not with SENSO. It is highly unusual for a SENSO polished concrete floor to crack. Because we use highly flexible material.

How do I get a high gloss finish on concrete?

Does polished concrete need to be sealed?

Stain protectors, guards and sealers are vital for ongoing polished concrete floor maintenance. protector. Stain protection is vital to the long term aesthetics of polished concrete, providing protection from discoloring penetrating stains and chemical etches.

How long does polished concrete take to dry?

Depending on the size of the area, it can take up to two to three days to set completely.

How can I make my concrete floor shine without wax?

4 ways to Make Tile Floors shine without wax

  1. Soapy water. A mixture of soap and warm water can be of great help in this process. …
  2. Baking soda. Baking soda may be useful in cleaning stains on the tile floor. …
  3. Ammonia-water solution. …
  4. Use of vinegar solution.

How do I get a smooth finish on concrete?

How can I make my concrete floor look nice?

The following are some ways you can use to make concrete floors look nicer:

  1. Acid Staining. Concrete flooring is great because it is easy to maintain. …
  2. Resin Flooring. …
  3. Stained and Polished Concrete Flooring. …
  4. Dyed Concrete Flooring. …
  5. Painted Concrete Floors.

Can you grind concrete to make it smooth?

If you have any type of concrete surface, it can be smoothed with a concrete grinder to achieve the desired look using common concrete grinding techniques. A concrete grinder is an abrasive tool working with a diamond attachment. It works on rough concrete surfaces, resulting in a smooth and stylish finish.

Can you sand concrete to make it smooth?

You can absolutely sand concrete to achieve a smoother surface. Sanding concrete floors, walls and cement surfaces can be a relatively easy task if you have the right tools and use the correct procedures.

What’s the difference between concrete and cement?

What is the difference between cement and concrete? Although the terms cement and concrete often are used interchangeably, cement is actually an ingredient of concrete. Concrete is a mixture of aggregates and paste. The aggregates are sand and gravel or crushed stone; the paste is water and portland cement.

Does mop and Glo work on concrete?

Take care not to use a floor cleaner with added wax. Mop & Glo is the primary culprit. Again, a damp mop with a small amount of gentle soap is all that’s required.

Can you use vinegar to clean concrete floors?

White vinegar and a little scrubbing with a brush is a very effective, eco-friendly way to remove rust stains from concrete—even those that are decades old. Pour the white vinegar directly onto the stain, allow the liquid to penetrate the area for 20 minutes, and scrub with a stiff-bristled brush.

Why is my concrete not smooth?

If you used larger or jagged stones or rough thick sand, it can create a gritty, rocky looking texture. Water can also be the reason your concrete isn’t smooth. Use just enough water to separate stones from cement and sand. If the concrete is too dry, you won’t be able to tamp the stones down below the surface.

How do you polish and stain concrete?

How to stain interior concrete floors

  1. Prepare the surface. Before anything else, you want to make sure you’re working with a clean slate. …
  2. Clean the surface for optimal results. Once the concrete is smooth and free of any previous coatings, vacuum or wash away dust. …
  3. Mask the design. …
  4. Apply the color. …
  5. Seal the color.

Can I use a floor sander on concrete?

Sanding with Power Tools If you are sanding an entire concrete floor, look for something larger. For wide floor spaces, use a floor sander – also known as a drum sander or a concrete grinder. These can be operated standing up. These typically can attach to a vacuum for mid-project cleaning.

What is a Level 2 concrete polish?

A level 2 honed polish is obtained by stopping at the 400-grit resin bond, producing a low-sheen finish. When you look directly down at the finished floor and at a distance of roughly 100 feet, you can start to see a slight overhead reflection. This grit level produces a low-luster matte finish.

How do you seal polished concrete?

Is polished concrete slippery?

However, there is a common misconception that floors with shiny finishes are slippery and cannot be walked on without skidding. That’s not always the case. Polished concrete finishes may look as smooth as glass, but surprisingly, they are not slippery when wet.

How much does it cost to sand concrete?

Cost to Grind Concrete Floor The cost to grind a concrete floor is $1 to $4 per square foot. Grinding or sanding concrete removes adhesives and curing agents, opens up the pores, removes the smooth look, and flattens the surface. Then, polishing hones the surface to a shine for $2 to $6 per square foot.

Can you sand concrete with a palm sander?

While it is possible to sand concrete, both ceramic and aluminum oxide sandpaper are less than ideal for concrete sanding. Ideally, you want to use diamond sanding or polishing pads. These pads are available as a concrete hand sander as well as grinder attachments.

Can you polish concrete with a floor buffer?

The finishing touch should be concrete polish. Use with the floor buffer all around the area. This polish seals the wax and creates the layer that you want to protect against dirty shoes and wheels. Apply evenly using the buffer, until you have covered the whole floor.

What does vinegar do to concrete?

When it comes to cleaning stone, concrete, and ceramic tile floors, leave the vinegar under the sink. Just like with stone countertops, the acid in vinegar will strip away the protective sealant from stone tiles, making them look dull and leaving the surface vulnerable to etching and pitting.

How often should I polish my concrete floor?

every 2-3 years

Generally, every 2-3 years, a polished concrete floor with regular foot traffic and weathering will require professional maintenance. Keep in mind that this timeframe is an estimate that may be extended, or reduced, based on the amount of traffic and weathering involved along the floor surface.

What is a wet polisher?

Wet Polishers Used for grinding and polishing while utilizing wet diamond polishing pads. Wet polishers include a water feed attachment for a consent flow of water application on wet pads and stone or granite surfaces.

Are polished concrete floors waterproof?

Polished concrete provides an environment that is resistant to damage from chemical and oil spills, as well as, slip and water resistant.

What is the best finish for concrete floors?


Epoxy is the most durable concrete finish and can be poured into cracks and crevices to help level the surface. But epoxy also is available in a variety of colors, allowing you to create unique hues and designs on your floor so you can even make a concrete floor look pretty.

Does stained concrete floors add value to your home?

A stained or stamped concrete floor generally adds to your home’s value on resale.

Which is better polished concrete or epoxy?

Epoxy flooring is generally faster to install than polished concrete. It only takes about 3 to 6 days to finish the process. Between the two featured flooring options, epoxy takes less time to install. Contractors usually take about 2 to 3 days to finish adding the resin to floors.

Is polished concrete good for House?

They’re also incredibly durable. Polished concrete can fit right into a domestic setting. It has a clean and sharp look that can be nicely softened with the right furniture and décor. Polished concrete flooring is one of the most versatile floor options out there.

Is polished concrete good for a home?

Aesthetically, concrete floors are a good match for homes with a modern or industrial style and are less suitable for classic vintage home styles. A polished and acid-stained concrete floor will likely look out of place in a classic colonial-style home, for example, but fit quite nicely into a contemporary-style home.

How long does polished concrete last?

Mechanically polished concrete can last up to 10-12 years without any major maintenance if it is appropriately installed and maintained during that time.

Can you polish existing concrete?

Almost any structurally sound concrete floor, whether new or old, can be polished.

How thick is polished concrete floor?

Traditional Polished Concrete It is a thick, heavy floor needing generally 75mm-100mm depth as a minimum and you will have to cut joints into the surface to allow the concrete to shrink in a controlled way.

How do I make concrete look wet?

you want a solvent based acrylic lacquer. The resins in the solvent based acrylic sealer will darken the surface of the concrete to make them look wet, and then protect the surface with a low to high gloss finish. The two best products for a wet look are the Armor AR350 and the Armor AR500.

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