What is coggins in horses

‘Coggins’ is the common name for an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) which is a blood test used to screen horses, donkeys and mules for the potentially fatal disease Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA).

Can a horse survive Coggins?

Newly infected victims of EIA experience signs such as a high fever, severe depression and loss of appetite. Most die within weeks. If a horse has produced a negative Coggins test at some point in his life and has not shown these signs since, it’s extremely unlikely that he has contracted the disease.

Is Coggins treatable?

There is no specific treatment or vaccine for EIA. Treatment consists of supportive therapy of intravenous fluids and vector control. Infected horses should be promptly isolated. There is no cure for EIA, so prevention is the key to controlling the disease.

Is Coggins contagious?

They will remain infected for their entire life, and therefore, remain a threat to other horses. How does a horse become infected? EIA is not contagious to humans and it is not directly contagious from horse to horse.

How often do horses get Coggins?

Coggins tests are good for 6 months. 5. In order to travel from state to state you must have in addition to the Coggins test a health certificate or horse passport (the type of document depends on where you will be traveling to). These documents are good for 30 days and 6 months respectively.

How do you prevent Coggins in horses?


Protecting Against EIA

  1. Continue annual Coggins tests for every horse.
  2. Don’t allow any horse on the property unless you have proof of current negative Coggins.
  3. Use fly repellent and physical barriers such as fly masks to reduce your horse’s exposure to biting flies.

What happens with a horse with positive Coggins?

For this reason, horses that test positive for Equine Infectious Anemia must either be euthanized, branded and strictly quarantined more 200 yards away from other horses for life, or transferred to a research facility.

How much does a Coggins test cost for a horse?

The cost of a Coggins test of course can vary but we have seen them in the range of $20 on the low side to $100 on the high side depending on how much work the vet has to do, the location of the horse and distance to the lab.

Can you sell a horse without Coggins?

If you’re selling or buying a horse in most every state, a Coggins test must be conducted before the sale is completed. Some states also require documentation for certain types of intrastate travel.

Why do horses have to have Coggins?

A Coggins test is a blood test identifying if a horse is a carrier of Equine Infectious Anemia, a viral disease found in horses. A negative Coggins test is required for all travel between states and at most equine facilities.

Is there a vaccine for Coggins?

There is no vaccine for EIA. It is important that you be careful that your horse’s pasture mates are as healthy appearing as your own horse. Board your horse only where a negative Coggins test is required of all horses before they come on the premises. This is your best protection.

What are Strangles in horses?


What is strangles? Strangles is an infection caused by bacteria called Streptococcus equi. It is highly contagious and the infection can be spread by horse-to-horse contact or by humans, tack, drinking troughs and other environmental factors.

Why is it called a Coggins?

Coggins is an infectious disease clinically called Equine Infectious Anemia or EIA. It is often referred to as Coggins because the scientist that developed the first effective and reliable test back in the 1970’s was Dr. Leroy Coggins. To this day, Dr.

How long do Coggins last?

one year

The Coggins test is good for one year and must be done by a USDA certified veterinarian. Health Certificates are to ensure that horses being transported are healthy and not potentially exposing innocent horses to disease.

What does floating a horse’s teeth do?


“Floating a horse’s teeth means to file or rasp the teeth to reduce the sharp edges and make the surface smoother” Dr. French explains. A veterinarian does this with tools called dental floats, which are metal files on the end of a long metal handle that allows the veterinarian to reach into the horse’s mouth safely.

What happens if a horse tests positive for EIA?

When an equine has a positive result on an official test for EIA, the animal must be placed under quarantine within 24 hours after positive test results are known in order to permit confirmation testing and to prevent further exposure of other equines.

What are the symptoms of EIA in horses?

What are the clinical signs? The disease is characterized by recurrent febrile episodes, anemia (low red blood cell count), thrombocytopenia (low blood platelet count), inappetance, depression, rapid loss of weight and edema (fluid swelling) of the lower parts of the body, and sometimes incoordination.

What vaccines do horses need?

Again, ALL horses should receive the core vaccines (rabies, EEE/WEE, tetanus, and West Nile Virus). The risk-based vaccines will depend on if your horse travels, your geographic location, breeding status, and other considerations.

How do you prevent Equine Infectious Anemia in horses?

Prevention is key to stopping the spread of EIA. Use a sterile needle, syringe, and IV set for all injections or treatments. Disinfect dental, tattoo, surgical equipment, lip chains, and bits thoroughly between horses. Remove all debris and blood with soap and water before disinfection.

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