White line disease horses

White line disease (WLD) is a poorly understood yet widespread problem that affects the equine foot. WLD can be described as a keratolytic process on the solar surface of the hoof, which is characterized by a progressive separation of the inner zone of the hoof wall.

How do you treat white line disease in horses?


The mainstay of white line disease treatment is hoof-wall resection, where a skilled farrier cuts away all three layers of the hoof wall to remove the infected material. A hoof knife or Dremel tool can clear out the powdery hoof wall.

What are symptoms of white line disease in horses?

Signs of White Line Disease

  1. Tender soles.
  2. Temporary heat in the feet.
  3. Flattening sole in the area near the separation.
  4. Slow hoof wall growth.
  5. Hollow sound when hoof wall is tapped.

What does white line disease look like in a hoof?

White line disease can initially appear as a small spot where the sole of the foot meets the white line. For more developed cases, it can be several inches long going from one side of the hoof to the other. It has a white, powdery look to it. Scraping it with a nail produces a chalky residue.

How long does white line disease take to heal?

On average, it takes about 10-12 months for the wall to completely grow out and the delamination to resolve. Therefore, successful treatment for white line disease should include a plan to address DDFT tension.

Is white line disease the same as laminitis?

“White line disease and chronic laminitis can sometimes be confused with each other,” Fraley said. “The difference is where that cavity—a gas pocket—shows up on the X-ray. White line disease can also cause some rotation of the coffin bone, like laminitis, but it’s a little different type of rotation.

Is white line disease in horses contagious?

The most common signs of white line disease are hoof wall separation noticed by a farrier during routine trimming/shoeing and slow, poor hoof wall growth. Is it contagious?: White line disease is not contagious. It is caused by opportunistic patho- gens that live and thrive in cer- tain environmental conditions.

How is white line disease diagnosed?

White line disease may be diagnosed during a routine trimming when a farrier notices a small area of crumbly or powdery black or gray tissue at the white line. Paring away the damaged horn reveals separation of the hoof layers leading upward from the toe toward the coronary band.

Is seedy toe the same as white line disease?

There appears to be a stark difference between seedy toe and white line disease and perhaps they should not be grouped together in the same context. Seedy toe is a focal defect that affects the sole-wall junction while WLD is a diffuse defect that affects the inner part of the hoof wall.

How do you use B Gone white line treatment?


How to Apply B Gone White Line Treatment

  1. Clean the bottom of the hoof of dirt and debris.
  2. Remove the shoe, if needed, to get directly at the affected area of the white line.
  3. Using a nail, debride the affected area.
  4. Apply a thin line of B Gone White Line Treatment around the white line using the convenient syringe.

Is white line disease fatal?

The reality is that deeply rooted infections like white line disease and chronic thrush are nearly impossible to kill with one application of a strong topical agent. Bacteria and fungi are very adept at hiding among healthy hoof tissue due to millions of years of evolution.

How is white line disease prevented?

WLD prevention Clean the hooves daily, monitoring the integrity of the white line and the rest of hoof structures. Change bedding frequently, avoiding humidity and accumulation of faeces and urine, especially in wet seasons.

What causes white line disease?

White line disease occurs when the hoof wall becomes separated or cracked, usually due to unusual stress on the wall; within these cracks, bacteria and fungi are often found.

Why are my horses hooves crumbling?

Extremely dry weather draws moisture out of the hoof, causing them to become brittle, crack, chip or crumble. Cold weather with snow and ice conditions are hard on hooves, causing cracks and chips; while wet climates over-saturate hooves, softening and weakening the hoof wall, and allowing thrush to thrive.

Where is the white line on a horses hoof?

Simply put, it is the separation between the wall of the hoof and the sole of the hoof where bacteria and/or fungus can reside and eat away at the hoof. White Line Disease (WLD) is also commonly known as seedy toe, hollow foot, wall thrush, and stall rot.

Can you ride a horse with thrush?

Thrush can eat its way into sensitive tissue anywhere in the frog and cause pain, either in the back part of the frog or off to its side. For this reason, you should use caution when riding a horse with thrush. “When you use a hoof pick to clean the foot, you need to be careful,” John cautions.

Is white line disease common?

Thus, while “white line disease” is common vernacular used by professionals, it is a misnomer because the problem actually springs from disease of the adjacent tissue, not the white line itself. Separation at the stratum medium gives opportunistic bacteria or fungi the chance to proliferate and cause infection.

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