Why do tomatoes seem to ripen from the bottom up?
Anybody who has ever grown tomatoes knows that they are prone to a never-ending slew of issues. That makes it all the more frustrating when you manage to grow a healthy tomato plant full of luscious tomato fruits that show all the signs of being ripe, except that the area near the stem refuses to change color.
Identifying Green and Yellow Shoulders
The term “green shoulders” refers to when the stem end of a tomato stays green or yellowish. This is distinct from tomatoes that have not yet completed ripening. Green shoulders have a stiffer or tougher green portion than the matured section of the fruit. It’s easy to spot on tomatoes that change from green to another color, like red or yellow, but it can also occur on tomatoes that remain green, like Aunt Ruby’s.
It is usual for the stem end of certain tomatoes, such as Cherokee Purple, to stay somewhat green even when completely ripe. Green or yellow shoulders may be identified by examining to see whether the stem end is not just the incorrect color, but also hard to the touch. If you bite into one, you’ll find that it doesn’t taste as sweet.
Causes of Green Shoulders on Tomatoes
Normally the chlorophyll in an unripe tomato starts to break down at the blossom end and continues around and up the fruit. Green shoulders arise when chlorophyll either does not break down or breaks down too slowly when the fruit ripens. This may happen for a handful of reasons, both of which are weather-related. To begin, excessive direct sun exposure might develop green shoulders. It may also appear when temperatures stay high for an extended period of time.
The identical condition does not create yellow shoulders. If the stem end of your tomatoes stays yellow, this indicates that the fruit was unable to generate lycopene, the pigment that gives tomatoes their amazing antioxidant effects as well as their red color. As the temperature rises over roughly 75 degrees Fahrenheit, lycopene synthesis slows. As a result, the reason is comparable to green shoulders, but a different pigment is to blame.
Eating Tomatoes With Green or Yellow Shoulders
Although the green or yellow shoulders are tough and disagreeable to the taste, the remainder of the tomato should be wonderful. Just chop around the hard, unripened top and eat. It takes more than a little hassle to make a cultivated tomato unpalatable.
Preventing Green and Yellow Shoulders
When you discover green or yellow shoulders on your ripening tomatoes, it’s too late to fix them. As with blossom end rot and cracking, there is little that can be done until the ultimate symptom emerges. You may, however, take a few precautions to attempt to avoid these shoulder issues from occurring.
Make sure your tomato plants have plenty of foliage to shield the tomato fruits. Although tomato plants love heat and need plenty of sunshine to ripen their fruits, the sun doesn’t have to shine directly on the fruits themselves. If it’s a really hot summer, the fruits will welcome some shade. Pruning your tomato plants should be done gently.
Choose Hybrids Rather Than Heirlooms
Choose tomato types that are less susceptible to the issue. Green shoulders seem to damage heritage varieties more than hybrids. Not all heirlooms are susceptible, so don’t lose up on them completely. You probably won’t find tomatoes labeled as resistant to green or yellow shoulders, but you may find descriptions that tell you when a variety is prone to it.
Pick Tomatoes Early
If you’re having a hot summer and all your tomatoes seem to be struggling with shoulder problems, you can try picking them when they are just starting to blush red and bring them out of the sun to finish ripening. Sadly, doing so may jeopardize some of the vine-ripened qualities, thus it should only be used in severe instances.
Why are my tomatoes not ripening on top?
Tomatoes that aren’t maturing on the vine are usually overfed and overwatered. It happens to gardeners with the best intentions, but once the plant reaches the size you want, it’s time to cut back on fertilizing. Tomato plants only need to be fertilized two or three times throughout the season.
Why are my tomatoes red on the bottom and yellow on top?
When higher temps and hot sun strike tomato tops, carotene (yellow) shines through while lycopene (red) is squelched. The bottom half of the tomato is often shielded from direct sunlight by the fruit’s top. As a result, the shoulders of your tomatoes might stay yellow while the rest of the tomato ripens to red.
What causes tomatoes to ripen unevenly?
Whether temperatures are cold or excessively hot and the weather is dry, uneven ripening is common. Overcrowded and over fertilized (too much nitrogen) or weak and spindly plants can also fail to fully ripen.
Why are my unripe tomatoes brown on the bottom?
Your tomatoes are most likely suffering from blossom end rot. Blossom end rot manifests itself as a little light brown or black blotch on the blossom end of immature fruit. When the fruit ripens, the damaged region eventually grows into a sunken brown or black lesion.